Create New Variables - Translate

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This QScript translates text questions to another language and saves the translated text as new questions. The user is prompted for the text questions to translate, as well as the source and output languages. A variable may be supplied by the user containing the source language for each case.Translates text variable sets to another language and saves the translated text as new variable sets. The user is prompted for the text variable sets to translate, as well as the source and output languages. A variable may be supplied by the user containing the source language for each case. Translation is done by Google Cloud Translation.

Example

The table below shows the original Chinese text in the first column and the English translation in the second column:

How to apply this QScript

  • Start typing the name of the QScript into the Search features and data box in the top right of the Q window.
  • Click on the QScript when it appears in the QScripts and Rules section of the search results.

OR

  • Select Automate > Browse Online Library.
  • Select this QScript from the list.

Customizing the QScript

This QScript is written in JavaScript and can be customized by copying and modifying the JavaScript.

Customizing QScripts in Q4.11 and more recent versions

  • Start typing the name of the QScript into the Search features and data box in the top right of the Q window.
  • Hover your mouse over the QScript when it appears in the QScripts and Rules section of the search results.
  • Press Edit a Copy (bottom-left corner of the preview).
  • Modify the JavaScript (see QScripts for more detail on this).
  • Either:
    • Run the QScript, by pressing the blue triangle button.
    • Save the QScript and run it at a later time, using Automate > Run QScript (Macro) from File.

Customizing QScripts in older versions

  • Copy the JavaScript shown on this page.
  • Create a new text file, giving it a file extension of .QScript. See here for more information about how to do this.
  • Modify the JavaScript (see QScripts for more detail on this).
  • Run the file using Automate > Run QScript (Macro) from File.

JavaScript

includeWeb("QScript Utility Functions");
includeWeb("QScript Selection Functions");
includeWeb("QScript Functions to Generate Outputs");
includeWeb("QScript R Output Functions");

var languages = ["Afrikaans","Albanian","Amharic","Arabic","Armenian","Azerbaijani","Basque",
                 "Belarusian","Bengali","Bosnian","Bulgarian","Catalan","Cebuano","Chichewa",
                 "Chinese (Simplified)","Chinese (Traditional)","Corsican","Croatian","Czech",
                 "Danish","Dutch","English","Esperanto","Estonian","Filipino","Finnish","French",
                 "Frisian","Galician","Georgian","German","Greek","Gujarati","Haitian Creole",
                 "Hausa","Hawaiian","Hebrew","Hindi","Hmong","Hungarian","Icelandic","Igbo",
                 "Indonesian","Irish","Italian","Japanese","Javanese","Kannada","Kazakh","Khmer",
                 "Kinyarwanda","Korean","Kurdish (Kurmanji)","Kyrgyz","Lao","Latin","Latvian",
                 "Lithuanian","Luxembourgish","Macedonian","Malagasy","Malay","Malayalam","Maltese",
                 "Maori","Marathi","Mongolian","Myanmar (Burmese)","Nepali","Norwegian",
                 "Odia (Oriya)","Pashto","Persian","Polish","Portuguese","Punjabi","Romanian",
                 "Russian","Samoan","Scots Gaelic","Serbian","Sesotho","Shona","Sindhi","Sinhala",
                 "Slovak","Slovenian","Somali","Spanish","Sundanese","Swahili","Swedish","Tajik",
                 "Tamil","Tatar","Telugu","Thai","Turkish","Turkmen","Ukrainian","Urdu","Uyghur",
                 "Uzbek","Vietnamese","Welsh","Xhosa","Yiddish","Yoruba","Zulu"];


function getVariableOrQuestionLabel(variable) {
	if(/- Multi/.test(variable.question.variableSetStructure)) {
		return variable.question.name + " " + variable.label;
	} else {
		return variable.label;
	}
}


if (!main())
	log("QScript cancelled.");
else
	conditionallyEmptyLog("QScript finished.");

function main() {
    var allowed_types = ["Text", "Text - Multi"];
    var selected_questions = selectInputQuestions(allowed_types);
    if (!selected_questions)
        return false;
    var data_file = getDataFileFromQuestions(selected_questions);
    
    // Prompt user for source language
    var source_index = selectOne('Select the source language', ["English", "Specify with variable"].concat(languages), null, 0);
    if (source_index === 0)
        var source_language = "'English'";
    else if (source_index === 1)
    {
        var candidate_variables = getVariables(data_file.questions);
        var source_language_var = selectOneVariableByNameAndLabel("Select the source language variable", candidate_variables, false);
        var var_name = source_language_var.name;
        var source_language = checkDuplicateVariable(var_name) ? generateDisambiguatedVariableName(source_language_var) : stringToRName(var_name);
    }
    else
        source_language = "'" + languages[source_index - 2] + "'";
    
    // Prompt user for output language
    var output_index = selectOne('Select the output language (translated by Google Cloud Translation)', ["English"].concat(languages), null, 0);
    if (output_index === 0)
        output_language = "'English'";
    else
        output_language = "'" + languages[output_index - 1] + "'";
    
    if (source_language == output_language)
    {
        log("The source language is the same as the output language. No translation has been performed.");
        return false;
    }
    
    var new_r_questions = [];
    var is_displayr = (!!Q.isOnTheWeb && Q.isOnTheWeb());
    var structure_name = is_displayr ? "variable set" : "question"; 
    for (var i = 0; i < selected_questions.length; i++)
    {
        var question = selected_questions[i];
        var variables = question.variables;
        var last_variable = getLastVariable(variables);
        var new_question_name = preventDuplicateQuestionName(question.dataFile, output_language.replace(/'/g, "") + " translation of " + question.name);
        var temp_var_name = randomVariableName(16); // temporary name, random to (almost) guarantee uniqueness

        // Generate expression
        if (variables.length === 1) {
            var var_name = variables[0].name;
            var expr_name = checkDuplicateVariable(var_name) ? generateDisambiguatedVariableName(variables[0]) : stringToRName(var_name);
            var r_name = "variable";
            var expression = r_name + " <- " + expr_name + "\n" +
                             "flipTextAnalysis::Translate(" + r_name + ", " + source_language + ", " + output_language + ")\n";
        } else {
            var variable_labels = variables.map(function(x) {return(getVariableOrQuestionLabel(x))});
            var expr_names = variables.map(function(v){
                return checkDuplicateVariable(v.name) ? generateDisambiguatedVariableName(v) : stringToRName(v.name);
            });
            var expr_name = [];
            for (i = 0; i < variables.length; i += 1) {
                expr_name[i] = stringToRName(variable_labels[i]) + " = " +  expr_names[i];
            }
            var r_name = structure_name.replace(" ", ".").slice(0, -1);

            var expr_prefix = r_name + ' <- data.frame(';
            var white_space = " ".repeat(expr_prefix.length);
            var expression = expr_prefix + expr_name.join(",\n" + white_space) + ',\n' +
                             white_space + 'check.names = FALSE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE)\n' + 
                             "apply(" + r_name + ", 2, flipTextAnalysis::Translate," + source_language + ", " + output_language + ")\n";
        }
        
        // Run expression to create R question
        try {
            var new_r_question = data_file.newRQuestion(expression, new_question_name, temp_var_name, last_variable);
            if (variables.length === 1)
                new_r_question.questionType = "Text";
            else
                new_r_question.questionType = "Text - Multi";
        } 
        catch (e) {
            log("The translation could not be performed for this " + structure_name + " : " + e);
            return false;
        }

        // Replace temporary variable names
        nameSequentialVariables(new_r_question.variables, "translated");
        new_r_questions.push(new_r_question);
    }
    reportNewRQuestion(new_r_questions, "Translated question(s)");   
    return true;
}


See also