# Dunnett’s Pairwise Multiple Comparison

This test compares each group with the first group. Prior to selecting this test you need to specify these comparisons and remove any NET from the columns of the table.

The test statistic is:

where:

- and are the means of the two groups being compared and is the mean of the of groups,
- when applying the test to Repeated Measures, each respondent’s average is initially subtracted from their data and it is this corrected data that constitutes of ,
- is the number of observations in the th of groups,
- is the Calibrated Weight for the th observation in the group,
- is the Effective Sample Size for the group,
- for Repeated Measures and otherwise.
- is evaluated using a multivariate distribution (see Dunnett C. W. (1955.) "A multiple comparison procedure for comparing several treatments with a control", Journal of the American Statistical Association, 50:1096–1121).

## Circumstances when this test is applied

- Computing either:
- Column Comparisons
- A Planned Tests Of Statistical Significance for a row or column of a table.

- This test has been selected in the Statistical Assumptions setting of Multiple comparison correction > Column comparisons