T-Test of a Regression Coefficient

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Where \hat{\beta} is a coefficient, n is the effective number of observations (note that this is different to the effective sample size where repeated observations exist for each respondent) and se_{\beta} is the standard error of the coefficient, the test statistic is:



p = 2\Pr(t_{n-k} \ge |t|),
k is the number of parameters, including the intercept (where applicable).