Dependent Samples - Quantum Column Means Test

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By default, when this test is selected Q computes standard errors using Taylor series linearization. To replicate the results of IBM SPSS Data Collection Model programs (e.g., Survey Reporter), you need to also change the Weights and significance to Kish approximation in Statistical Assumptions.

Where Taylor series linearization is performed, and and are the two means, the test statistic is:

Otherwise, the test statistic is:

where:

and refer to the two variables and to the overlap,
is the sample size,
is the effective sample size,
is the weighted sample size,
is the weight for the th observation in the th group,
if Bessel's correction is selected and 0 otherwise,
,
is Pearson's Product Moment Correlation for the overlapping sample,
is the Standard Error of the mean,
the p is returned as NaN if the denominator is less than 0.00001.

Also note that if the Independent version of the test is conducted instead.